- A Child Care Center must have an adequate budget. Records, including health, must be kept on allchildren.
TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SUMMARY OF CHILD CARE APPROVAL REQUIREMENTS
This is a section by section summary of the State Board of Education School Administered Child Care Rules, Chapter 0520‐12‐01. Child care centers inspected by the Department of Education must meet the requirements as defined by the rules in Chapter 0520‐12‐01 to receive a Certificate of Approval. The unabridged School administered Child Care rules are available on the Tennessee Secretary of State website, www.tn.gov/sos, or by writing the Office of School‐based Support Services, Tennessee Department of Education, 9th
floor Andrew Johnson Tower, 710 James Robertson Pkwy, Nashville, Tennessee 37243‐0375.
Chapter 0520‐12‐01 was revised to parallel Chapter 1240‐4‐03 except for sections of the rules specifically addressed in Title 49 of state law: school bus transportation, criminal history background reports/ fingerprinting process, and restraint of children with special needs. Chapter 0520‐12‐01 was revised in accordance with T.C.A. §§ 49‐6‐2101‐2107, (Transportation), T.C.A. § 49‐5‐413 (Criminal History Background Reports), and T.C.A. §§ 49‐10‐1301‐1305 (Restraint of Children). A new section was added to adequately address the adolescents participating in the Lottery Afterschool Education Programs (LEAPS), T.C.A. § 49‐6‐707.
1.Ownership, Organization and Administration, Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.05
- There must be a transportation plan for each child, including the names of persons to whom the child may bereleased.
- Staff records must be kept on each employee that includes educational background, reference checks, TBI check, in‐service training, physical exams and performancereviews.
- The center must have their Certificate of Approval posted, provide parents with a copy of the policies and procedures along with a copy this summary and offer a pre‐placementvisit.
- Parents must have access to all areas of the center when their child ispresent.
- The parents must receive an educational program regarding child abuse detection, reporting andprevention.
- If the center provides transportation, the driver should be appropriately licensed, there must be liability insurance and the children must have adequate space and supervision. Transportation provided by the center or under center authorization shall comply with statelaw.
2.Supervision , Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.06
- Each group must have adult supervision at all times and adult/child ratios should befollowed.
- There must be a second adult available when more than 12 children arepresent.
- Swimming and field trips require ratios to bedoubled.
- Each group must have their ownspace.
- Infants and toddlers must have their own space and cannot be grouped with olderchildren.
- At naptime ratios may be relaxed for groups except infants andtoddlers.
- Minimum staffing requirements per groups of children (adult:child ratio) must bemaintained.
- Please refer to ratio charts for specific adult:child ratios for each agegroup
- A.Responsibility for Staff and General StaffQualifications:
- The director shall be responsible for the day to day operations, including staff andprogram.
- An assistant director or other staff member shall be designated to be in charge in the absence of the director and all staff shall be notified of thisdesignation.
- No individual with a prohibited criminal history may work, substitute or volunteer in aprogram
- Staff must have knowledge of child behavior anddevelopment.
- Staff must be physically, mentally and emotionallystable.
- All new employees must have orientation and child abuse prevention training before working with thechildren.
- The director must have High School Diploma (or Department recognized equivalent), and Tennessee Early Childhood Training Alliance (TECTA) certificate for completing thirty (30) clock hours of orientation training, or the equivalent as recognized by the Department and 4 years experience working withchildren.
- All caregivers must be 18 years of age and one caregiver in each group must have a high schooldiploma.
- Directors must have 18 clock hours in‐service training each year and caregivers 12 clockhours.
4.Equipment for Children, Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.08
- All indoor and outdoor equipment shall be well made, safe and keptclean.
- There must be developmentally appropriate equipment for all age groups withvariety.
- Children must have a place for theirbelongings.
- Large pieces of equipment must besecured.
- Infants are to have space to climb, crawl and pull up without the restraint of playpens orcribs.
- There must be enough equipment so children havechoices.
- There shall be an outdoor play area when children are in care for 3 or more daylighthours.
- Children up to 5 years of age must be offered a naptime if in care for 6 or morehours.
- There shall be equipment for napping or sleeping for each preschool child who is in care for six (6) hours ormore.
- For napping children, cots or 2 inch mats must be provided and each child must have a cover to place under them and another available to place overthem.
- Infants must have individual cribs with opentops.
5.Program, Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.09
- A.Schedule andRoutines.
- Routines such as snacks, meals, and rest shall occur at approximately the same time eachday.
- There shall be a balance between child’s choice and adult‐directedactivities.
- Other activity choices shall be available to children during television/movie viewing or computeruse.
- Parents shall be informed of movie showings and video/computer games and their ratings.
- Computers, if used, shall be located in view of a caregiver for monitoringpurposes.
- An opportunity for outdoor play shall be extended to children of all ages who arein care more than three (3) daylight hours; when the temperature range, after adjustment for wind chill and heat index, is between thirty‐two (32) degrees and ninety‐five (95) degrees Fahrenheit and not raining.
- A reclining rest period of at least one (1) hour shall be provided for allpreschool
- Each child shall be allowed to form his own patterns ofsleep.
B.Behavior Management andGuidance.
- Spanking or any other type of corporal punishment is prohibited. (“Corporal punishment” is the infliction of bodily pain as a penalty for behavior of which the punisherdisapproves.)
- Praise and encouragement of good behavior shall beused.
- When a child is engaging in unacceptable behavior the caregiver shall, prior to disciplining the child, first distract the child’s attention and substitute a desirable activity.
- Attention spans and skills of children shall be considered so that caregivers do not require children to engage in developmentally inappropriatebehavior.
- Toilet training shall never be started until a child has been in the program long enough to feel comfortable and is able to communicate a need to use thebathroom.
- A daily program shall provide opportunities for learning, self‐expression, and participation in a variety of creative activities such as art, music, literature, dramatic play, science, andhealth.
- Indoor physical activities, requiring children to use both large and small muscles, shall be provided for children of each agegroup.
- For ages three (3) through school‐age, the curriculum shall include instruction in personal safety as needed but at least once ayear.
- If children receive night care, caretakers must provide a calm, nurturing environment and a routine hygiene plan must be inplace.
6.Health and Safety, Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.10
- Children’s health records shall be maintained as directed under subchapter0520‐12‐01‐.05.
- Each child shall be immunized according to the current Department of Health guidelines unless exempted pursuant to subchapter 0520‐12‐01‐.05(8). Programs serving non‐school‐age children shall maintain written policies for dis‐enrollment of children who fail to comply with Department of Health immunization guidelines in a timelymanner.
- Parents of every child enrolled shall be notified immediately if any communicable disease has been introduced into theprogram:
- Parents must be notified if their child is hurt and becomesill.
- Medications must be labeled with instructions and must be kept underlock.
- Documentation of administration and side effects of any medication given must bekept.
- Smoking is not permitted in the presence ofchildren.
- The diapering area must be appropriate, near hand washing lavatory and cleaned after each diaperchange.
- Staff must have documentation that the staff person is capable of safely and appropriately providing care for children in a group setting. The documentation shall be on file within ten (10) calendar days of employment or starting towork.
- A statement of mental or emotional health shall be obtained from a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist when deemed necessary by theDepartment.
- Physicals are required every 3years.
- There shall be a staff member present at all times who has current certification in CPR and first aidtraining.
- A first aid kit must be on the premises as well as a first aidchart.
- There shall be no firearms on thepremises.
- Emergency telephone numbers shall be posted next to all telephones and be readily available to any staffmember.
- Kitchen knives and other potentially dangerous utensils or tools shall be securedso
- Children will receive meals and snacks based on the amount of time spent in theprogram.
- Menus must beposted.
- Consideration must be given to daily food requirements when planningmenu.
- Special diets and instructions must be provided inwriting.
- New foods shall be introduced to infants and toddlers one at a time over a five (5) to seven (7) day period with parent’sapproval.
- Parents and caregivers shall work together when weaning an infant to insure consistency in the weaning process. Weaning shall be delayed until after an infant adjusts to groupcare.
- At mealtime, children shall be seated at appropriately sized tables and chairs, and adults shall supervise them in accordance with subsection0520‐12‐01‐.06(1)(d).
- Milk shall be placed immediately in therefrigerator.
- All formulas remaining in bottles after feeding shall bediscarded.
- Previously opened baby food jars shall not be accepted in the center. If food is fed directly from the jar by the caregiver, the jar shall be used for only onefeeding.
- Infants shall be held while being fed as long as they are unable to sit in a high chair,an
- All facilities shall annually pass an inspection verifying compliance with all applicable state and local fire and environmentalrequirements.
- There shall be a working telephone in thecenter.
- A minimum of thirty (30) square feet of usable indoor play space shall be provided for eachchild.
- Outdoor play areas shall contain a minimum of fifty (50) square feet of usable play space for each child using the area at onetime.
9.Care of Children with Special Needs, Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.14
- When children with special needs are enrolled, all reasonable and appropriate efforts shall be made to provide those children equal opportunity to participate in the same program activities as theirpeers.
- Adaptations to the environment shall be directed toward normalizing the lifestyle of the child with a disability by helping him/her become independent and develop self‐helpskills.
- The program shall inform parents of any specialized services available from the program, and if theprogram
- Governing agency shall develop policies and procedures, in accordance with 0520‐01‐09‐.23, governing personnel authorized to use isolation and restraint, training requirements and incident reportingprocedures.
10.After School Programs serving Adolescents Chapter Section0520‐12‐01‐.15
- Rules are modified to meet the appropriate developmental stages of the adolescent regarding staff ratios and supervision as well as activities appropriate for this agegroup.
COMPLAINT HOTLINE: (LONG DISTANCE) 1-800-462-8261
(NASHVILLE AREA) 615–313-4820